Department Stores, Retail Chains, Shopping Malls

Retail Markets have demand peaks that are mainly caused by HVAC systems, their associated equipment, and lighting in offices as well as electrical heating. The retail industry is furthermore characterized by large lighting loads in retail spaces and common areas. Air-handling units (AHUs), packaged units, and other basic infrastructure equipment contribute to a variable load component. The load profile in the retail industry, therefore, tends to be more flat.